This is a list of the most common diseases that dogs commonly get, especially if not vaccinated. They can mostly be prevented through vaccination. The diseases that don’t respond well to vaccinations can be avoided with proper pet health care. Knowing what the causes are of these diseases will help you provide the best possible care for your pets.
Canine Distemper –
Canine Distemper is a serious viral disease and may be fatal in 80% of the puppies and 50% in adults that contact the disease. There is no dog that is not susceptible, unless vaccinated. Vaccination is the key in preventing this disease.
Canine Parvovirus (Parvo) –
This viral disease is very contagious and can live in the environment for a long time. Puppies getting this disease are very susceptible and very highly fatal and can die within 48 – 72 hours. The most clinical signs of disease include severe depression, vomiting, diarrhea, and a loss of appetite.
Rabies is a viral disease that attacks the nervous system when contracted. Exposure comes from direct contact with an animal that is carrying the virus. Exposure is usually through contact with the saliva. Exposure to saliva usually comes from a bite from the animal. When an inflicted animal has symptoms of the disease death is the outcome. When we talk about susceptible animals, we are talking about warm blooded mammals, which include humans. Some animals are resistant to Rabies. Because of the human-animal bond between pets and humans and the seriousness of the disease if contracted, states and other governments, by law, require pet vaccinations for Rabies, which also must have boosters every 1 – 3 years.
Kennel Cough (Canine Tracheobronchitis) –
Kennel Cough is a respiratory disease that attacks the trachea and bronchi which causes a specific type of dry hacking cough in the dog. The disease is mostly associated with kennels and animal shelters, where there are large populations of gathering dogs. Vaccination is not fully protective and generally is recommended every three months.
Leptospirosis can infected many animals besides dogs. The organism attacks the kidneys and excreted eliminated in the urine. Because of this, water holding areas can become sources of infection, if infected animals urinate in them.
The patient usually has lethargy, kidney inflammation and pain, a fever, vomiting and reddening of the mucous membranes and conjunctiva. It can also cause blood clotting problems.
Infectious Canine Hepatitis –
As by the name, Canine Hepatitis attacks the liver. It causes lethargy, fever, vomiting and can cause jaundice if the liver is severely affected.
Lyme Disease –
Lymes Disease is mainly transmitted by ticks, especially the deer tick. The disease is generally more prominent in different locations of the United States, especially the northeast. If infected, the patient usually is lethargic, may have joint pain, loss of appetite, fever and enlargement of the lymph nodes.
Another gastro-intestinal virus that has more mild symptoms than Parvovirus. It causes vomiting and diarrhea and responds to treatment.
Heartworms Disease is transmitted through mosquito bites. They are actual worms that live in the right side of the heart. It takes time for symptoms to appear. The worms slowly damage the heart and lungs. Coughing, exercise intolerance and fluid build-up in the abdomen (ascites) are common. When allowed to progress, without treatment, it eventually will cause congested heart failure and death.