Vaccinations can safeguard your cat against major contagious illnesses; however they should not be used as one size fits all. Your veterinarian can assist in picking the right feline vaccines your cat will require based on your cat’s age, health status, way of life and other factors. Despite the fact that your cat may not require vaccines that frequently, your feline friend should have a veterinary appointment every six to twelve months.
Core Pet Vaccines for Cats
Core vaccines are those that are recommended for nearly every feline. Core vaccines for cats are Panleukopenia, Feline Herpesvirus-1, Feline Calicivirus, and Rabies. The first three are usually incorporated in a single injection that is offered to kitties starting at 6-8 weeks of age and then boostered every 3-4 weeks until the kitten is at least sixteen weeks of age. Adult felines get two doses initially, given 3-4 weeks apart. After that, the combination vaccine is repeated every 1-3 years. The Rabies vaccination is provided initially at twelve weeks of age and then boostered one year later. After that, Rabies vaccine is repeated each one to three years, as determined by the laws in your location.
Feline Panleukopenia (Feline Distemper) is a serious viral disease affecting the gastrointestinal system. The symptoms look like Parvovirus, as seen in canines. They include fever, lethargy, vomiting, looseness of the bowels, dehydration, appetite loss, miscarriage in pregnant felines, and nervous system damage in babies. It is highly contagious and commonly causes death, especially in non-vaccinated felines.
Feline Herpesvirus-1 (Feline Rhinotracheitis Virus) and Feline Calicivirus are viral organisms that cause respiratory illness. Non-vaccinated felines could get seriously ill or even pass away. Vaccination provides incomplete protection, but immunized cats will have less severe symptoms and be able to fight off the disease.
Rabies is a very serious and basically is incurable disease of the nervous system. Once infected, Rabies is nearly always fatal. Rabies transmission requires direct body fluid contact. It is possible for indoor pets to be infected and usually occurs when infected sick wild animals get in pet’s home. Rabies can be transmitted to most mammals and that includes humans Regular rabies shots is the only vaccination that is mandated by law in the United States through state governments.
Non-Core Vaccines for Cats
There are many other feline vaccines readily available for cats. Your cat’s veterinarian will be able to assist you in determining the ideal vaccinesyour cat should have.
Feline Leukemia (FeLV) is an incurable immunosuppressive disease that triggers cancers and makes felines very vulnerable to other diseases. Although contaminated cats can remain healthy for numerous years, it is ultimately deadly most of the times. FeLV is passed on by close, direct contact between felines, so vaccination is essential for cats that go outside or otherwise contact other potentially infected felines. Cats should be checked for FeLV prior to vaccination. The vaccine does not help cats that currently are infected with the virus ,so testing should be done. Two dosages of vaccine are provided 3-4 weeks apart, and given as early as eight weeks of age. Yearly re-vaccination is suggested.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) is another viral feline disease that is incurable and suppresses the immune system. Because of this, this cat disease has been referred to as Feline AIDS. Unknowingly, cats infected and carrying the virus, often appear healthy for many years. However, the disease, sadly, is ultimately fatal in most infected felines. The tests available today for FIV can not determine the difference between an infected feline or from a vaccinated cat.
Another usually fatal disease of cats is Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP). even tough it is believed to be a contagious disease, there is a possibility that cats become infected by being susceptible because of a genetic predilection to this serious and incurable disease. The vaccine is usually given to cats that have previously tested negative and that are about to be exposed to a high-risk environment with multiple cats such as as an animal shelter or cat breeding facility.
The Feline Chlamydophila organism localizes itself mainly to the eyes and causes a severe infection of the eyes. The disease is spread to other cats through direct contact. It is typical prevalent in areas where many cats are housed together. Cat vaccination is advised for felines that may be in danger.
Feline Bordetella triggers an upper respiratory ailment and primarily causes coughing. It is extremely contagious. This disease is a significant concern for animal shelters and feline breeding centers. Vaccination is suggested for cats at risk in these environments.
Preventive Health Considerations that are Beyond Vaccinations for Your Cat
Preventive wellness care for your feline implies even more than just giving pet vaccinations. Appointments for wellness physical examinations should be given every six to twelve months. These wellness exams can detect agood number of health problems while they are easily treatable. Parasite control, excellent nutrition, and routine oral care are other secrets to keeping your cat healthy for years to come.