The Field of Veterinary Medicine Has Many Jobs for Vets
Most pet owners think of veterinarians as animal pet doctors working in a veterinary or animal hospital or clinic. However, the field veterinary medicine is very board with many different aspects and jobs that a veterinarian can peruse.
Here are some examples of different types of pet doctors:
Traditional Small Animal Hospital or Clinic
The most common type is typical pet doctors who are available even in your neighborhood. You can take your pet dog and cat for a normal health check up to these pet doctors. If you are considering taking your pet animal to a pet clinic in order to give it a vaccine or a little treatment, then these pet doctors are the best. Apart from the cats and dogs, some of these vets also see other pets like rabbits, hamsters, gerbils, guinea pigs etc, but not all.
Exotic Pet Veterinarian-Animal Hospital or Clinic
Apart from the normal vets, there are also exotic veterinarians who are professionals and work in zoos, refuges, and in circuses. However, these exotic vets also remain busy in treating non-typical house pets like lizard, snakes, monkeys etc.
Feline (Cat) Veterinarian
These are veterinarians that limit there veterinary practice to cats only. They do not see dogs. They have a special interest and love for the feline furry pets.
Mobile or House Call Vets
Veterinarians who make house calls use a mobile vehicle to go to the client’s home to care for their patients. They can simply use a car or truck. Many have large mobile veterinary clinics on wheels that are actually a complete animal clinics and the pet can be taken into the vehicle for care. Some even do surgeries in these mobile clinics.
Another type of veterinarian is wildlife doctor who are not directly related to the private businesses. They mainly manage animals for preservation purposes. Generally they work for a state or a wild life sanctuaries. They are expert in much broader subjects such as extinction control, habitat preservation etc. Apart from treating animals they also research on different topics such as animal behavior, animal reproduction, animal control etc.
Large Animal Veterinarians (Can limit to Horses – Equine Vet)
Large animal vets limit their veterinary practice to working only on the larger species such as cows, horses and pigs. They also have special knowledge in managing live stocks. You can bring any types of individual animal to these vets for shots, vaccines, checkups, as well as exams. These doctors may work personally or sometimes they also work in groups. They also visit to your land or farm to provide veterinary services.
Marine Animal Veterinarian
The pet doctors who treat marine or aquatic animals are also popular during these days. These doctors can be found in zoos or in coastal areas.
There are over twenty veterinary colleges in the USA. Each have veterinarians that teach new veterinary students. The vets are educators and also provide clinical services for pet owners. The cases coming into the university help teach the students. These vets also do veterinary medical research for developing, testing and studying new medical and surgical treatments for animals. The veterinarians at a school of veterinary medicine generally have advanced degrees and training.
Laboratory Animal Veterinarians
These vets are also needed. Every research facility that has any type of animal, by law, must have a veterinarian, or lab vet, overseeing the animal. The laboratory veterinarian sees that the animals are properly and humanely cared for.
Armed Forces Veterinarians
There are veterinarians in the US Army and Air Force. Duties include food inspection and running an on base veterinary clinic. A few vets perform research and laboratory animal duties.
Yes, today, there are many veterinary specialists. Just like medical doctors. These veterinarians obtain additional study and training (2-4 years) in a particular specialty of veterinary medicine or surgery. Most of them also have advanced degrees. Some of the specialty areas include internal medicine, dermatology, surgery, radiology, neurology, oncology, dentistry, public health, laboratory animal medicine, ophthalmology and more. After completing their special training, they then take a special certification examination and become “board certified”.
Research – Comparative Medicine Veterinarian
Needles to say, the vast majority of human research in the human medical field starts by using an animal model. Many veterinarians are part of a medical human research team providing support, input and direct participation in the research. New surgical procedures, biomedical devices and of course pharmaceuticals are just three areas veterinarians can make a contribution to human medicine.